Our very own, Karen Leone, was co-author and co-presenter at the Southeastern Archaeological Conference on the latest botanical and faunal research done at the Poverty Point site. Karen’s focus was the botanical research, Jim Delahoussaye did the faunal research, and Diana Greenlee, Poverty Point’s Station Archaeologist, was the presenter. Today, Poverty Point is a U.S. National Monument and World Heritage Site. The Late Archaic people who built and occupied Poverty Point were hunter-fisher-gatherers in one of the most interesting, and for many years puzzling, facts about the site. It posed an explanatory problem (i.e., that hunter-gatherers, not agriculturalists, were responsible for the monuments and the abundant nonlocal stone) for archaeologists. Even though the nonagricultural status of Poverty Point subsistence is widely accepted, many questions remain. In this paper, we integrate analyses of faunal and botanical remains to summarize what is known and not known and we suggest research priorities for improving our understanding of Poverty Point subsistence.